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Italian politics

Students’ forum: Elena Cerisola, 5 A PNI

It ‘s very strange to see that, despite of the many scandals in which Berlusconi was involved, he came second after Bersani. I think that probably Italians were attracted by his promises but now we have to see if he is be able to keep them. Bersani is not my man, but probably he is the best of the three. According to me the things that Grillo says are right because it’s about time we changed some faces and also a lot of rules, but he doesn’t have the ability to govern. In ancient Greece politics was an art: you had to have the gift for rhetoric to enter it.

Students’ forum: Taking a decision was so hard! by Beatrice Balzano,  5F

On February 24-25 a general election was called in order to provide the replacement of the members of the Senate and of the Chamber of Deputies.

I’m only eighteen years old and, following the Law, I voted for the Chamber of Deputies only but I think I can be mature enough to understand what is going on in my Country. Few days before the election’s day I tried to be more aware about the policies presented by the parties and I sought which party could better embody my politics or what I should expect from them.

Actually I  listened to many clichés and repetitions of the same promises that do not impress young people any more but in the end I tried not to waste my vote: I chose the Democratic Party.

Of course between cutbacks, reforms, too unprepared or unknown parties, corruption, scandals and the collective fear to give the ‘wrong’ vote, taking a decision was very hard!

In spite of these obstacles I chose Bersani’s party because as well as his policies and ideas, I appreciate the democratic way he acts and the plan he wants to bring to Parliament and in front of the President of the Republic.

If we need to call another election in six months I hope Italian people will take their chance to choose a unanimous vote that fits to the real needs of our society.

Students’ forum: A Pyrrhic victory for the left by Alvise Canal, 5 F

 Being really interested in the forces that stimulate poilitical change and progress , I’ve followed with great interest and hope the last legislative elections that were held on 24 February 2013.

There were four major contenders :

  1. Pier Luigi Bersani led the centre-left coalition, which is spearheaded by Bersani’s Democratic Party (PD);
  2. Former Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi led the centre-right coalition, which notably includes Berlusconi’s People of Freedom (PDL) party and Roberto Maroni’s regionalist Northern League (LN).
  3. Outgoing technocratic Prime Minister Mario Monti led a centrist coalition which was backed by two established centre-right parties.
  4. Populist comedian Beppe Grillo led the 5 Star Movement (M5S), a new anti-establishment and anti-system populist party which became popular in 2012.

The first exit polls at 15:00 on 25 February afternoon corroborated the last polling numbers, with the centre-left coming ahead of the right by about 3-5 points. As in 2006, however, the exit polls were off. TV channels released ‘projections’ based on the trends emerging from the votes actually being counted, and these projections (for the Senate) gave the lead to Berlusconi‘s coalition rather than Bersani’s. Grillo’s M5S was also performing much better than in the first exit polls. Updated projections maintained this state of affairs for quite some time, and the left’s lead in the actual vote count (first in the Senate – which was counted first, then in the Chamber) shrank consistently and by a considerable amount throughout the night. The final vote ‘projections’, however, showed that the left would be able to eke out a tiny win in both Houses.

On the final count, the centre-left won the Chamber of Deputies and obtained 340 seats ‘bonus’, thanks to the majority of the premium, the center-right 124, M5S 108 and Monti 45; In the Senate, however, PD has got 113 seats, PDL 116, M5S 54 and  Monti 18, because they are assigned on a regional basis.

The left ‘won’ in the technical sense, but it didn’t really win. It was very much a Pyrrhic victory for the left, with a very underwhelming result which is almost as bad as a defeat.

The numbers mean that the country faces stalemate in the coming weeks as former foes try to put hostilities to bed in order to govern a country in difficulty. The choice of a “governissimo” between PD-PDL has been fortunately refused by the PD. To the comedian who controls  M5S from inside , these people have decided to ruin Italy, renouncing, any way, to”inciuci”.

In my opinion the M5S reminds too much of Mussolini’s “anti-politics” and I am really scared and therefore I’m absolutely opposed to this movement.

The results of the Italian general election are threefold, political gridlock, nervous markets (market jitters as the international media say) and a slap in the face to European austerity.

Abroad, where the majority of the votes went to the Democratic Faction,  they are teasing us about our situation and calling Grillo and Berlusconi two “clowns”,  who managed to dupe millions of Italians, with simple words and wretched populism.

Students’ forum: The youngest parliament ever elected in Italy, by Giovanni Stocco, 5F

On 24 and 24 of February the Italians voted for a new Parliament and chose to change and return to honesty with new and young parliamentarians. On one hand this will be the youngest parliament ever elected in Italy with the highest presence of women and graduates. On the other hand there is no majority in the Senate and Italians might return to the polls soon. This is a risk for our fragile economy. In these elections there were two winners and two losers. The main winner is Beppe Grillo who fights “the caste”of the old parties and has taken over 25% with his Five Star Movement. The other winner is Silvio Berlusconi, the ex-premier who, in spite of the defeat, has recovered many votes during the last few weeks with a big electoral campaign. The two losers are Mario Monti and Pierluigi Bersani. Monti, the outgoing premier appointed as a technocrat by President Giorgio Napolitano in 2011, failed the austerity policies. Bersani, the leader of the centre-left coalition, has dropped many votes with a disastrous campaign with no real vision of the future. The situation is complex and many people are afraid of this, but change is not only difficult but also necessary for improvement.